A Quality-of-Life Comparison Between Self-Aligning and Ball Attachment Systems for 2-Implant-Retained Mandibular Overdentures

Bilhan H., Geckili O., Sulun T., Bilgin T.

JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY, vol.37, pp.167-173, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1563/aaid-joi-d-10-00070
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-173
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to evaluate the self-aligning overdenture attachment system by comparing its oral health related quality of life (OHRQL) with a traditionally used ball attachment system. In this randomized, within-subject crossover trial, 25 edentulous subjects each received 2 mandibular implants, and were then assigned to receive either self-aligning or traditional ball attachments. After 3 months, all subjects were switched to the second attachment type. The OHRQL was evaluated for both of the treatments using the short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). A subanalysis among subjects with below-average space available for attachment placement was also performed. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare differences between groups. Scores on the OHIP-14 physical disability domain were significantly better for the self-aligning attachment system (P = .049). Among subjects with below-average attachment space, functional limitation, psychological discomfort, physical disability, psychological disability, and total OHIP-14, scores were significantly better for the self-aligning attachment system (P = .041, P = .047, P = .048, P = .026, and P = .005, respectively). The self-aligning attachment system for 2-implant-retained mandibular overdentures is equal or superior to traditional ball attachments in all domains of the OHIP-14.