Psychogenic Purpura with Hematuria and Sexual Pain Disorder: A Case Report


Ozyildirim I. , Yucel B. , Aktan M.

TURK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI, cilt.21, ss.85-89, 2010 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Dergi Adı: TURK PSIKIYATRI DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.85-89

Özet

Psychogenic purpura (Gardner-Diamond syndrome) is the Occurrence and spontaneous recurrence of painful ecchymosis following emotional stress and minor trauma. Although the exact mechanism of this syndrome remains unknown, apart from skin lesions, different types of hemorrhaging have been reported, such as epistaxis, gastrointestinal bleeding, and bleeding from the ear canals and eyes. We report a psychogenic purpura case that presented with hematuria in addition to skin lesions. Based on the psychiatric evaluation she was diagnosed with major depressive disorder generalized anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder Additionally, sexual pain disorder accompanied these disorders. With the help of antidepressant and supportive psychotherapy, the patient's ecchymosis and bleeding disappeared. During 8 months of follow-up the symptoms did not return. Vaginismus has not been reported in patients with psychogenic purpura. The presence of vaginismus, which is seen more frequently in eastern cultures and is thought to be related to sociocultural determinants, suggests that some cultural factors may be common to both psychogenic purpura and vaginismus. The aim of this case report was to call attention to a syndrome that is rarely seen and diagnosed, and to discuss its relationship to psychosocial factors. This syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of not only ecchymotic lesions, but also various types of bleeding, including hematuria. Despite the fact that its etiology and treatment are not clearly understood, it should be noted that psychological factors play a role in this disease and therefore, psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches can be effective.