The value and safety of specific nasal provocation in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in mild persistent asthma under inhaled steroid therapy

Tuskan T. C., Gemicioglu B., Ikitimur H., Yilmaz N., Tuskan K., Oz F., ...More

ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, vol.28, pp.115-121, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-121
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Although specific nasal provocation is an objective diagnostic test for allergic rhinitis, it can also increase the lower airway responsiveness in asthmatic patients. Our goal was to determine the value and safety of specific nasal provocation test for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in mild persistent asthmatic patients under low-dose inhaled steroid therapy. The study was performed on 32 mild persistent, stable, mite-sensitive allergic asthmatics (group 1), 9 mild persistent nonallergic asthmatics (group 2) and 9 healthy non-smokers (group 3). Nasal symptoms were noted, paranasal sinus computerized tomography (PNCT) and rhinoscopic evaluations were performed. Cases with pathologic-anatomic changes in PNCT and rhinoscopy were excluded. Symptom scoring, flow-volume, peak expiratory flow (PEF), serum and nasal lavage eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and nasal lavage eosinophil counts were performed before mite specific nasal provocation test and at the 0(th), 4(th) and 24(th) hours following the test. No adverse effects were observed in all diagnostic procedures. Total diagnostic value of nasal symptoms were found to be at 92%, while being 70% for rhinoscopy and 88% for specific nasal provocation test respectively in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in group 1. Statistically significant differences were found between basal nasal lavage eosinophil values (p < 0.001) and ECP levels (p < 0.05) when group I was compared with both group 2 and group 3. In the remaining measured values between three groups, no statistically significant differences were found. Specific nasal provocation test is a safe method for mild house dust mite allergic asthma cases under low-dose inhaled steroid therapy, but history of rhinitis might be sufficient for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. (Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2010;28:115-21)