Nasopharyngeal carcinoma in children: Multimodal treatment and long-term outcome of 92 patients in a single center over a 28-year period

Kebudi R., Buyukkapu S. B., Gorgun O., Ozkaya K., Meral R., Ayan I., ...More

PEDIATRIC BLOOD & CANCER, vol.68, no.12, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pbc.29372
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: children, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy, second malignancies, 2ND PRIMARY CANCERS, CONCURRENT CHEMORADIOTHERAPY, CHEMOTHERAPY, ADOLESCENTS, CHILDHOOD, CISPLATIN, DOCETAXEL, AGE
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term outcome and late effects in pediatric patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), followed by radiotherapy (RT). Methods Ninety-two children (65 male, 27 female) diagnosed with NPC between 1989 and 2017 in the Istanbul University, Institute of Oncology were evaluated retrospectively. NACT consisted of three cycles of cisplatin-containing regimen every 3 weeks, followed by RT. Results The median age was 13 years (5-18 years). Most had locoregionally advanced disease (stage III/IVA/IVB) and five had distant metastases at presentation. At a median follow-up of 108 months (3-332 months), 5- and 10-year overall survival rates and event-free survival rates were 87.5%, 79.7% and 82.1%, 78.9%, respectively. Three patients with distant metastasis are long-term survivors. Thirteen patients relapsed at a median of 8 months (2-23 months). Hypothyroidism (36%) and xerostomia (25%) were the most frequent long-term treatment-related toxicities. Nine second malignancies developed in eight patients, eight in the irradiated field at a median of 14 years (range 5-26 years), five of whom are long-term survivors after curative surgery. Conclusions Three courses of cisplatin-containing NACT, followed by RT lead to high survival and locoregional control rate in advanced stage NPC in children. Patients with distant metastasis should also be treated with curative intent by systemic chemotherapy and locoregional radiotherapy. Patients should be followed closely for recurrences and long-term morbidities including second malignancies, which may be treated with curative surgeries if diagnosed early.