Effect of Visible Light on Vasospasticity of Post-Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Cerebrospinal Fluid


Sabanci P. A. , Omay B., Aras Y., Aydoseli A., Ali A. , ERDEM T., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGICAL SURGERY PART A-CENTRAL EUROPEAN NEUROSURGERY, cilt.78, ss.548-555, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 78 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1055/s-0036-1594005
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGICAL SURGERY PART A-CENTRAL EUROPEAN NEUROSURGERY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.548-555

Özet

Background and Objective Cerebral vasospasm (CV) is a serious complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with high morbidity and mortality rates. The mechanism of CV has not been determined. There are many theories related to this unsolved issue, one of which supports CV as a two-stage phenomenon from a pathophysiologic perspective. The first stage consists of inhibition of neuronal nitric oxide synthase by oxyhemoglobin, which results in a decrease of nitric oxide (NO) production. The second stage consists of an increase in the levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine through bilirubin oxidation products (BOXes), which are oxidized by-products of hemoglobin metabolism. These in turn inhibit endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), which results in the blockage of the second NO production mechanism. BOXes are sensitive to visible light, as is their precursor bilirubin. The hypothesis of CV prevention using the photosensitivity of BOXes was tested in this study.