Induction chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin is highly effective for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma


Ekenel M., Keskin S., Basaran M., Ozdemir C., Meral R., Altun M., ...More

ORAL ONCOLOGY, vol.47, no.7, pp.660-664, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2011.04.010
  • Journal Name: ORAL ONCOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.660-664
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Radiotherapy (RT) with concomitant chemotherapy (CT) has improved the therapeutic outcome of patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LANC). However, the importance of induction CT before definitive therapy is still undefined. Patients (n = 59) who had LANC were included in this retrospective study. They received induction CT consisting of cisplatin and docetaxel followed by definitive RT with cisplatin. The median age was 49 years (18-68). All patients were of stages II (15%), III (63%) and IV (22%). Fifty eight patients could receive 3 cycles of CT. Except one patient, there was no grade 3 or 4 toxicity during induction CT. Chemoradiotherapy could be given to 49 patients (83%). Twelve percent of patients had complete response after induction CT and this number had increased to 95% after the completion of the therapy. Objective responses (complete and partial) were 100% after the completion of the therapy. Median follow up time was 29 months. Nine patients had relapse (2 had local only, 4 distant, 3 local and distant). Three patients who had both local and distant relapse died during follow-up. Three year overall and progression free survival rates were 94.9% and 84.7%, respectively. Induction CT with docetaxel and cisplatin is a feasible and tolerable treatment for patients with LANC. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.