Challenges in Evaluation and Management of Children with Myocardial Bridging

Erol N.

CARDIOLOGY, vol.146, no.3, pp.273-280, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 146 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000513900
  • Journal Name: CARDIOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.273-280
  • Keywords: Angiography, Children, Congenital heart disease, Coronary arteries
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Myocardial bridging (MB) is a congenital anomaly where a coronary artery branch or group of branches extends inside a tunnel consisting of myocardium. Although it is mostly considered "benign," it is reported that MB may lead to significant cardiac problems and sudden cardiac deaths. While it is a congenital anomaly, its symptoms usually arise at further ages rather than childhood. The literature on MB in children is in the form of case reports or small case series. This is why pediatric cases are assessed in the light of information obtained from adults. This review compiled the literature on MB in adults and children and compared it, as well as discussing questions arising regarding the clinic, diagnosis, and treatment of MB. (c) 2021 S. Karger AG, Basel