Compression Wood as a Source of Reinforcing Filler for Thermoplastic Composites

Buyuksari U., Ayrilmis N. , Akbulut T.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, cilt.123, ss.1740-1745, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 123 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/app.34627
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1740-1745


Compression wood (CW) is a reaction wood formed in gymnosperms in response to various growth stresses. Many of the anatomical, chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of CW differ distinctly from those of normal wood. Because of different properties, the CW is much less desirable than normal wood. This study was conducted to investigate the suitability of CW flour obtained from black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold) in the manufacture of wood plastic composite (WPC). Polypropylene (PP) and CW flour were compounded into pellets by twin-screw extrusion, and the test specimens were prepared by injection molding. WPCs were manufactured using various weight percentages of CW flour/PP and maleic anhydride-grafted PP (MAPP). Water absorption (WA), modulus of rupture (MOR), and modulus of elasticity (MOE) values were measured. The results showed that increasing of the CW percentage in the WPC increased WA, MOR, and MOE values. Using MAPP in the mixture improved water resistance and flexural properties. CW flour of black pine can be used for the manufacturing of WPC as a reinforcing filler. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 123: 1740-1745, 2012