We describe herein a female patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the liver and present a review of the related literature. The patient,vas referred with the diagnosis of malignant hemangiopericytoma (with an open biopsy). The physical examination, standard laboratory test results and tumor marrier levels were all normal. A nonstandard left lobectomy was performed. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations revealed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell type. The findings of a peripheral blood smear and bone marrow biopsy were normal. There was no other site of involvement based on physical or radiological examinations. These findings established the diagnosis of primary hepatic lymphoma. Fewer than 100 cases have been reported in the world literature. The best treatment results have been obtained by a resection followed by chemotherapy when feasible.