Identification and Characterization of a New Class of (6-4) Photolyase from Vibrio cholerae


Dikbas U. M. , Tardu M. , Canturk A., Gul Ş. , Ozcelik G., Baris I., ...More

BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.58, no.43, pp.4352-4360, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 43
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.biochem.9b00766
  • Title of Journal : BIOCHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.4352-4360

Abstract

Light is crucial for many biological activities of most organisms, including vision, resetting of circadian rhythm, photosynthesis, and DNA repair. The cryptochrome/photolyase family (CPF) represents an ancient group of UV-A/blue light sensitive proteins that perform different functions such as DNA repair, circadian photoreception, and transcriptional regulation. The CPF is widely distributed throughout all organisms, including marine prokaryotes. The bacterium Vibrio cholerae was previously shown to have a CPD photolyase that repairs UV-induced thymine dimers and two CRY-DASHs that repair UV-induced single-stranded DNA damage. Here, we characterize a hypothetical gene Vca0809 encoding a new member of CPF in this organism. The spectroscopic analysis of the purified protein indicated that this enzyme possessed a catalytic cofactor, FAD, and photoantenna chromophore 6,7-dimethyl 8-ribityllumazin. With a slot blot-based DNA repair assay, we showed that it possessed (6-4) photolyase activity. Further phylogenetic and computational analyses enabled us to classify this gene as a member of the family of iron-sulfur bacterial cryptochromes and photolyases (FeS-BCP). Therefore, we named this gene Vc(6-4) FeS-BCP.