LIFE SCIENCES, vol.81, no.2, pp.121-127, 2007 (SCI-Expanded)
Hypercholesterolemia is characterized with changes in lipid profile, nitric oxide pathway and oxidative stress markers. This study is designed to evaluate the effects of hypercholesterolemic diet and atorvastatin therapy on oxidative stress, lipid peroxide and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), NO pathway markers, nitric oxide(NO) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), homocysteine, and paraoxonase activity (PON1) in rabbits. Twenty rabbits fed with high-cholesterol diet for 8 weeks were randomly divided into 2 groups on the fourth week of the hypercholesterolemic diet. First group was fed with high-cholesterol diet alone, whereas the second group with the same cholesterol diet plus atorvastatin (0.3 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks. High-cholesterol diet increased total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), ADMA, TBARS and lipid peroxide levels and reduced PON1 activity and NO levels in rabbits. Four weeks of atorvastatin therapy significantly increased HDL-C, PON1 activity and reduced LDL-C, TBARS and lipid peroxide concentrations. Atorvastatin therapy is beneficial in decreasing oxidative stress related with hypercholesterolemia, mainly affecting lipid profile and PON1 activity. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.