Cytokine, vol.50, no.1, pp.15-18, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
Inflammation is involved in development and progression of atherosclerosis. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) have been correlated with various cardiovascular diseases. Hyperhomocysteinemia is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis and thrombotic disease. Recent studies have demonstrated that homocysteine (Hcy) enhances productions of several pro-inflammatory cytokines. In the light of these findings, we decided to determine if any relationship exists between IL-2 and IL-6, the pro-inflammatory cytokines, and total homocysteine (tHcy) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A total of 102 patients with ACS and 90 healthy subjects were included in the study. The levels of tHcy, IL-2 and IL-6 were higher and folic acid was lower in patients as compared with those of controls. Furthermore, data of the area under ROC plot for IL-2 demonstrated that IL-2 had higher sensitivity. These data suggest that enhanced inflammation may be associated with tHcy-related cardiovascular disease. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.