Synthesis of fine zirconium carbide powder by carbothermal reaction of carbon-coated zirconia particles

Cetinkaya S.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol.100, no.12, pp.5444-5449, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jace.15118
  • Page Numbers: pp.5444-5449


In this study, a novel method for the synthesis of fine ZrC powder was presented. It consists of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of C from CH4 on ZrO2 particles followed by carbothermal reaction. Firstly, optimal CVD conditions (1300 K and 30 minutes) yielding the stoichiometric amount of C deposit (23 wt%) were determined. Carbothermal reaction behavior of the carbon-coated oxide particles was then investigated in Ar flow at 1700-1800 K for 0-120 minutes. Mass measurements, XRD and SEM techniques were used to characterize the products at various stages of the process. Lattice constants and mass losses of the samples increased to the levels of ZrC with increasing temperature and time. Almost pure ZrC powder (oxygen content: 0.59 wt%) with a mean particle size of similar to 170nm was synthesized at 1800 K within 120 minutes. The present study demonstrates that ZrC powder can be synthesized at lower temperatures and shorter reaction times using C-coated ZrO2 powders compared with the conventional method which uses a mixture of ZrO2 and solid C particles.