An Abandoned Copper Mining Site in Cyprus and Assessment of Metal Concentrations in Plants and Soil


Baycu G., Tolunay D., Ozden H., Csatari I., Karadag S., Agba T., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION, vol.17, no.7, pp.622-631, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15226514.2014.922929
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.622-631
  • Keywords: abandoned mines, metal accumulation, soil, plant, phytoremediation, TRACE-ELEMENTS, HEAVY-METALS, MINE TAILINGS, ACCUMULATION, TOLERANCE, CADMIUM, TRANSLOCATION, CONTAMINATION, SELENIUM, GROWTH
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Mining is an important source of metal pollution in the environment and abandoned mines are extremely restricted habitats for plants. Some plant species growing on metalliferous soils around mine tailings and spoil-heaps are metal-tolerant and accumulate high concentrations of metals. In this investigation, we aimed to perform a research in the CMC-abandoned copper mining area in Lefke-North Cyprus to assess the recent metal pollution in soil and plant systems. We collected 16 soil samples and 25 plant species from 8 localities around the vicinity of tailing ponds. Some concentrations of metals in soil samples varied from 185 to 1023mg kg(-1) Cu, 15.2 to 59.2mg kg(-1) Ni, 2.3 to 73.6mg kg(-1) Cd and metals for plants ranged from 0.135 to 283mg kg(-1) Cu, 0.26 to 31.2mg kg(-1) Ni, 0.143 to 277mg kg(-1) Cd. Atriplex semibaccata, Acacia cyanophylla, Erodium spp., Inula viscosa, Juncus sp., Oxalis pes-caprea, Pistacia lentiscus, Senecio vulgaris and Tragopogon sinuatus accumulated higher concentrations. BCF for Atriplex semibaccata was found very high, for this reason this plant can tentatively be considered as a hyperaccumulator of Cu and Cd, but it needs further investigation for its potential in phytoremediation.