Effects of tree age and stand thinning related variations in balsam fir secondary compounds on spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana development, growth and food utilization


Kumbasli M., Bauce E., Rochefort S., Creplin M.

AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST ENTOMOLOGY, vol.13, no.2, pp.131-141, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

The effect of tannins and monoterpenes on the development, mortality and food utilization of spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) was investigated under laboratory conditions using an artificial diet. Tannins were extracted from balsam fir foliage of thinned and unthinned stands to reproduce stand thinning related variations in tannins. A mixture of synthetic monoterpenes was utilized to simulate the concentration found in young and old balsam fir trees.