Ecological and Phytogeographical Status and Species Composition of the Phytoplankton in the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea)


ŞAHİN F., BAT L., Ediger D. , Al-Najjar T.

KSU TARIM VE DOGA DERGISI-KSU JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURE, vol.25, no.3, pp.606-616, 2022 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.904437
  • Journal Name: KSU TARIM VE DOGA DERGISI-KSU JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURE
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.606-616
  • Keywords: Gulf of Aqaba, Phytoplankton, Species composition, Bioecology, Biogeography, OLIGOTROPHIC WATERS, POLLUTION SOURCES, CORAL DEATH, DYNAMICS, EILAT, PRODUCTIVITY, ASSEMBLAGES

Abstract

One hundred and seven samples were collected from sea surface from 5 stations along the Jordanian coast of the Gulf of Aqaba. 188 species were identified under six phytoplankton classes. Dinoflagellates dominate sixty percent of the total species. Diatoms constituted 38% and other groups represented by 2%. The geographical distribution of the identified species, 37% cosmopolitan, 28% boreal-tropical, 17% tropical, 11% tropical-subtropical, 4% boreal, 2% arcto-boreal and% 1 was determined as subtropical. According to ecological distribution, 88% of the species are marine and 12% marine-brackish origin. Also, 80% of the species are of pelagic origin, and 20% are benthic origin species. The phytoplankton species composition, phytogeographic and ecological distribution and species origins were presented from 2007 through 2008.