The German Emperor in Istanbul (1917)

Karacagil Ö. K.

GAZI AKADEMIK BAKIS-GAZI ACADEMIC VIEW, vol.6, no.12, pp.111-133, 2013 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.111-133
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


The coronation of Wilhelm II as the German Emperor in 1888 constitutes an important milestone in Turco-German relations that had a long historical background. Having left Bismarck's prudent policies for a more aggressive imperialism, Wilhelm II visited the Ottoman Empire twice in 1889 and 1899 in order to improve the relations between the two states. A third visit took place during the turbulent years of World War I when the Emperor arrived in Istanbul through Bulgaria. This visit was intended to boost morale and give support to Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria, both German allies. During his four-day sojourn, the German Emperor made several official visits and visited the battleground where the Battle of Gallipoli took place.