SAUDI SOCIETY AND THE STATE: IDEATIONAL AND MATERIAL BASIS


Ozev M. H.

ARAB STUDIES QUARTERLY, cilt.39, ss.996-1017, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 39 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.13169/arabstudquar.39.4.0996
  • Dergi Adı: ARAB STUDIES QUARTERLY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.996-1017

Özet

This article considers religious, social, political, and economic dimensions of the Saudi-Wahhabi state imagination. Since the inception, the Saudi state has relied on two main pillars: the monarchy and Wahhabism, which have been in a symbiotic relationship. In time, the state imagination in Saudi Arabia has been determined and reconstructed by factors like Wahhabism, monarchism, rentierism, internal and international political and economic obligations, and modernization efforts imposed by being a "nation state." Those factors made Saudi Arabia a sui generis state. The legitimacy of the monarchy has been ensured through tribalism and, on a larger scale, religion. Foreign aid, booties, oil revenues, and, on a rather insignificant scale, tax revenues have created a material infrastructure to build citizenship.