The purpose of this work is to provide the means for a better understanding of the new and multifaceted conceptualizations of environmental sustainability. The projection extends from insights gathered from a renewal of ancient cosmological views that have become prominent in contemporary political understandings, coupled with the similarities of the unique cultures of Indigenous Peoples, with their distinctive manners of perceiving the necessity of environmental sustainability. Indigenous Peoples have always sought to retain their cultural, economic, and political characteristics distinct from the dominant societies. Yet they are included as well within the UN in one the primary concerns generated by the "International Community," as a motivating factor of global governance. The goal of environmental sustainability is within contemporary global governance. It is directed towards the present day through the use of concepts that have persisted in Indigenous histories for centuries. Contemporary understandings of global governance and the earthly-view of Indigenous Peoples strive together toward environmental sustainability.