Ocular Inflammatory Disorders in Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS).

Ucar D., Kim J. S., Bishop R. J., Nussenblatt R. B., Rao V. K., Sen H. N.

Ocular immunology and inflammation, vol.25, no.5, pp.703-709, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Purpose: To describe inflammatory ocular findings in patients with autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS).Methods: A retrospective review of medical records for ALPS patients seen at the National Eye Institute between 2003 and 2013.Results: A total of 29 ALPS patients previously referred for ocular or visual symptoms or with a history of prolonged corticosteroid use, were identified. Mean age was 20 years (range: 4-66 years). The majority were male (n = 21, 72.4%) and Caucasian (n = 24, 82.8%). Ten (34.5%) had abnormal ocular findings, the most common of which was an ocular inflammatory disorder (n = 4, 13.8%). Uveitis was seen in two patients with ALPS-FAS and one with ALPS-U, all of whom required long-term systemic immunosuppression. One patient with ALPS-FAS had a history of optic neuritis.Conclusions: ALPS can have intraocular inflammatory manifestations that require routine follow-up to ensure appropriate and timely treatment of intraocular disease. Long-term immunosuppression may be needed for patients with ALPS-associated uveitis.