Comparative in vitro efficacies of various antipseudomonal antibiotics based catheter lock solutions on eradication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms


Ozbek B. , Mataraci-Kara E.

Journal of Chemotherapy, cilt.28, ss.20-24, 2016 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 28 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1179/1973947814y.0000000212
  • Dergi Adı: Journal of Chemotherapy
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.20-24

Özet

Antibiotic lock technique (ALT) may be an adjunct therapy in treating catheter-related infections. The aim of this study was to determine the in vitro stability and efficacy of colistin, meropenem and levofloxacin alone or in combination with clarithromycin or heparin lock solutions against biofilm embedded Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains. The efficacy of antibiotic lock solutions was tested in an in vitro catheter biofilm model against P. aeruginosa isolated from catheter-related bacteremia. We observed that the use of meropenem, levofloxacin or colistin as a lock solution had potent bactericidal effects and could be prevented bacterial regrowth at 96 or 72 hours, respectively. When the tested antibiotics were used in combination with clarithromycin, the combinations were significantly more effective and rapid in eliminating P. aeruginosa colonization in biofilm than each of the antibiotics were used alone. Moreover, tested antibiotics in combination with heparin were not significantly different for killing effect against PA-1 and PA-27853 compared with that of each antibiotics alone. Tested catheter lock solutions may have promising adjuvants for treating infections caused by P. aeruginosa.