Anatomical modeling of the foreskin for the reconstruction of glanular hypospadias

Ozbey H., Ayryan E., Staroverov O., Morozov D. A.

Journal of Pediatric Urology, vol.17, no.3, pp.335-337, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2021.03.023
  • Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Urology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.335-337
  • Keywords: Hypospadias, Foreskin, Mucosal collar, Glanular hypospadias, Septum glandis, Frenulum
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Journal of Pediatric Urology CompanyThe normal development of the glanular urethra is closely related to the normal development of the foreskin. A ventral deficit in the foreskin results with the failure to develop the septum glandis and frenulum, which also form the ventral wall of the glanular and subcoronal urethra. Here we present the anatomical modeling of the foreskin in order to obtain a mucosal collar for the reconstruction of the glanular hypospadias with the GFC technique (Glanular-Frenular-Collar), which can also be used for various purposes to reconstruct the urethra in hypospadias.