Ameliorative Effects of the Sesquiterpenoid Valerenic Acid on Oxidative Stress Induced in HepG2 Cells after Exposure to the Fungicide Benomyl

Kara M. , Oztas E. , Boran T., Karaman E. F. , Veskoukis A. S. , Tsatsakis A. M.

ANTIOXIDANTS, cilt.10, sa.5, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 10 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3390/antiox10050746


Valerenic acid (VA) is a sesquiterpenoid and a phytoconstituent of the plant valerian used for sleeping disorders and anxiety. The frequency of using herbal components as therapeutic nutritional agents has increased lately. Their ability to improve redox homeostasis makes them a valuable approach against harmful xenobiotics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the putative beneficial role of VA against the redox-perturbating role of the fungicide benomyl in HepG2 human liver cells in terms of oxidative stress in the cellular environment and in endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Benomyl increased cell total oxidant status and reactive oxygen species production and decreased total antioxidant status. The expression of genes coding for antioxidant molecules, namely, heme oxygenase-1, alpha glutathione s-transferase, NF-kappa B, and liver fatty acid binding protein, were decreased due to benomyl. VA ameliorated these effects. Benomyl also increased ER-stress-related molecules such as endoplasmic reticulum to nucleus signaling 1 protein, glucose-regulated protein 78, and caspase-12 levels, and VA acted also as a preventive agent. These results indicate that VA exerts ameliorative effects after benomyl-induced oxidative stress. VA, a widely used nutritional supplement, is a compound with potent antioxidant properties, which are valuable for the protection of cells against xenobiotic-induced oxidative damage.