Electron microscopy of contractile bands and quality characteristics in high-voltage electrical stimulation broiler breast meat


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Kahraman T. , Bayraktaroglu A. G. , Vural A., Issa G., Ergun E.

POULTRY SCIENCE, cilt.90, ss.486-490, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 90 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3382/ps.2010-01096
  • Dergi Adı: POULTRY SCIENCE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.486-490

Özet

In this study, 20 broilers were used to examine the effect of high-voltage electrical stimulation (HVES) on meat quality and the microstructure of the pectoralis muscle. After slaughter, carcasses were randomly distributed into 2 treatment groups (n = 10). In the first group, carcasses were electrically stimulated (500 V, 100 Hz) for 60 s. Carcasses in the second group (nonelectrical stimulation) were used as a control. Meat quality was evaluated by the rate of pH, water-holding capacity, cooking loss, color (L*, a*, b*), shear force, and sarcomere length. As a result, HVES increased the rate of muscle pH decline (P < 0.001). High-voltage electrical stimulation had no effect on water-holding capacity and cooking loss values. Only L* (lightness) values were improved during the storage time (P < 0.01). Tenderness (P < 0.001) and sarcomere length (P < 0.05) values were significantly increased at 2 and 5 d postmortem. In addition, microstructure examination demonstrated that the stimulated muscles had longer sarcomeres; however, the A-, I-, and Z-bands and the mitochondrial membrane structure were intact in HVES and nonelectrically stimulated carcasses. The results showed that HVES is a useful method for improving the tenderness of broiler breast meat.