BREAST CANCER IN THE WORLD AND TURKEY


ÖZMEN V.

JOURNAL OF BREAST HEALTH, vol.4, no.2, 2008 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF BREAST HEALTH
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Keywords: breast cancer, incidence, Turkey, The BHGI, risk factors, low-middle income countries, LIMITED-RESOURCE COUNTRIES
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer of women, comprising 23% of all female cancers around the globe, with an estimated 1.15 million cases diagnosed in 2002. Of the 411,000 breast cancer deaths around the world, 221,000 (54%) occurred in low-and middle-income countries (LMCs). However, in most low-and middle-income countries (LMCs), incidence rates are increasing at a more rapidly than in areas where incidence rates are already high. Breast cancer incidence and prevalence in western part of Turkey in 1992 was 24.4/100.000 in 1992 and 0.3% respectively. Distribution of breast cancer incidence in 2000s changes in different regions of Turkey due to geographic, economic, social, cultural factors. Breast cancer incidence in western part of Turkey (50/100.000) is more than two times in eastern part of Turkey (20/100.000) due to "Westernizing life" (early menarche, late menopause, first birth >30 years, less breast feeding, etc.), and other related factors.