C. pestalozzae subsp. violaceus is described as a new subspecies from northwest Anatolia. The new taxa differs from subsp. pestalozzae by its flower colour, leaf and flower size, kartotype, habitat and growing elevation. Diagnostic characters, a full description, and detailed illustrations are presented. Also photograps of metephase plate, karyotypes and idiograms of two subsp. of C. pestalozzae are given. The geographical distribution of the subspecies is mapped. IUCN threatened category and observations on the population are noted.