Relation of antimullerian hormone with the clinical signs of hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary morphology

Sahmay S., Aydin Y., Atakul N., Aydogan B., Kaleli S.

GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, vol.30, no.2, pp.130-134, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/09513590.2013.867320
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.130-134
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The relation of antimullerian hormone (AMH) levels with the clinical and biochemical markers of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) could be different. A total of 463 PCOS patients were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. Groups were constructed according to polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM) and menstrual cycle-length. The relation of serum AMH with androgenic hormones, menstrual cycle-length and clinical signs of PCOS were investigated. A powerful positive relation was found between the PCOM and AMH levels (odds ratio = 2.49). There was a negative correlation between age and AMH level (p<0.001, r[correlation coefficent] = -0.155). Positive correlations were found between luteinizing hormone (LH) and AMH (p<0.001, r = 0.25) and also between cycle length and AMH (p<0.01, r = 0.27). We found a negative week correlation between AMH and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (p = 0.01, r = -0.19). After controlling main androgenic hormones, AMH was found to be correlated with the Ferriman-Gallway score (p = 0.03, r = 0.18). There was a positive relationship between hirsutism and AMH (odds ratio = 1.43), but no correlation between AMH and other parameters of clinical hyperandrogenism like hair-loss, acne and seborrhea were identified. The strongest relation was presented between the AMH levels and PCOM. Also, cycle-length correlated well with the AMH levels. The relationship between hirsutism and AMH is found to be independent from androgenic hormones.