Candidate gene sequencing reveals mutations causing hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta.

Kim Y. J. , Seymen F. , Kang J., Koruyucu M. , Tüloğlu N., Bayrak Ş., ...More

Clinical oral investigations, vol.23, pp.1481-1487, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-018-2577-9
  • Title of Journal : Clinical oral investigations
  • Page Numbers: pp.1481-1487


ObjectiveAmelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a rare hereditary disorder affecting the quality and quantity of the tooth enamel. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic etiology of hypoplastic AI families based on the candidate gene approach.Materials and methodsWe recruited three Turkish families with hypoplastic AI and performed a candidate gene screening based on the characteristic clinical feature to find the pathogenic genetic etiology.ResultsThe candidate gene sequencing of the LAMB3 gene for family 1 revealed a heterozygous nonsense mutation in the last exon [c.3431C>A, p.(Ser1144*)]. FAM20A gene sequencing for families 2 and 3 identified a homozygous deletion [c.34_35delCT, p.(Leu12Alafs*67)] and a homozygous deletion-insertion (c.1109+3_1109+7delinsTGGTC) mutation, respectively.ConclusionThe candidate gene approach can be successfully used to identify the genetic etiology of the AI in some cases with characteristic clinical features.Clinical relevanceIdentification of the genetic etiology of the AI will help both the family members and dentist understand the nature of the disorder. Characteristic clinical feature can suggest possible genetic causes.