Headache in Behcet's disease

Aykutlu E., Baykan B., Akman-Demir G., Topcular B., Ertas M.

CEPHALALGIA, vol.26, no.2, pp.180-186, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1468-2982.2005.01017.x
  • Journal Name: CEPHALALGIA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.180-186
  • Keywords: Behcet's disease, classification, headache, neuro-Behcet's disease, NEUROLOGICAL INVOLVEMENT, FOLLOW-UP
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of headache in patients with Behcet's disease (BD) seeking neurological consultation. Consecutive patients with BD seen within 1 year at the neuro-Behcet's out-patient clinic were studied using an electronic database according to the classification criteria of the International Headache Society. During a 12-month period 118 BD patients were admitted, and 98 had headaches. Migraine was the most common type of primary headache diagnosed in 45 patients (46.4%) in the whole headache group, followed by tension-type headache (TTH) in 26 cases (26.8%). Thirty-seven patients had secondary headaches mainly due to cerebral venous thrombosis or parenchymal neurological involvement of BD. Of these patients, 15 had both primary and secondary headaches. The primary headaches of 13 patients were exacerbated with systemic BD flare-ups, and four patients had migraine attacks triggered only by systemic BD activation which showed a good response to the treatment of systemic inflammation. The majority of the headaches of patients with BD do not indicate any neurological involvement; they are usually due to migraine or TTH. In a minority of patients, migraine associated with systemic inflammation of BD is notable.