Improvement of fill factor by the utilization of Zn-doped PEDOT:PSS hole-transport layers for p-i-n planar type of perovskite solar cells


Alishah H. M., Choı F. P., Kuruoglu F., Erol A., Güneş S.

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, vol.388, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 388
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.electacta.2021.138658
  • Journal Name: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: PEDOT:PSS, Zn doping, Inverted, MAPBI(3), Perovskite, PERFORMANCE, EFFICIENT, CONDUCTIVITY, HYSTERESIS, RECOMBINATION, SOLVENT, CARBON
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly (styrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) is a widely-known conductive polymer mixture that is mostly engaged as a hole transport layer (HTL) in organic and perovskite so-lar cells (PSCs). In this study, it has been demonstrated that the use of Zn as an additive in PEDOT:PSS solution improved the photovoltaic performance of the ambient air solution-based fabrication of methy-lammonium lead tri-iodide (MAPbI(3)) based devices. The short circuit current density (JSC) of the device increased from 15.4 to 17.2 mA/cm(2), while the fill factor (FF) improved from 0.70 to 0.83 by using Zn-doped PEDOT:PSS as a hole transport layer (HTL), which is a record value for only gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) based MAPbI(3) PSCs. Additionally, open-circuit (VOC) value is boosted up from 890 to 925 mV by Zn-doping, which might be linked to the increased work function of the investigated HTLs. Moreover, the synergetic effect of improved electrical conductivity and hole mobility of PEDOT:PSS film and decreased the trap density of perovskite led to an increase of 37% in power conversion efficiency (PCE) and the stability of the inverted planar PSCs. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.