Recycling of waste PET: Usage as secondary plasticizer for PVC


KILINÇ S., Iyim T. B. , Emik S. , Ozgumus S. K.

POLYMER-PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING, cilt.44, ss.1379-1388, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 44
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/03602550500208228
  • Dergi Adı: POLYMER-PLASTICS TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1379-1388

Özet

Postconsumer water bottle poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) flakes were depolymerized with ethylene glycol (EG) by the glycolysis reaction in the presence of zinc acetate as the catalyst. In the depolymerization reactions, different weight ratios of PET/EG were used. In order to obtain polyesters used as PVC plasticizers, these glycolysis products containing hydroxyl end groups were reacted with an adipic acid (AA)-containing diacid group at equivalent amounts. In order to obtain PVC plastisols, PVC was dispersed into a plasticizers' mixture composed of di-isooctyl phthalate (DOP) and polyester products by using a highspeed mixer (PVC/ plasticizers, 65/35 w/w). For the preparation of plasticizer mixture polyester products were used at a weight ratio of 20%, 40%, 60% of DOP. Plasticized PVC sheets were prepared from plastisols and their glass transition temperatures (T-g), migration, and mechanical properties were determined. The results show that the polyester products obtained from glycolysis products of waste PET can be used as secondary plasticizers, with DOP for PVC.

Postconsumer water bottle poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) flakes were depolymerized with ethylene glycol (EG) by the glycolysis reaction in the presence of zinc acetate as the catalyst. In the depolymerization reactions, different weight ratios of PET/EG were used. In order to obtain polyesters used as PVC plasticizers, these glycolysis products containing hydroxyl end groups were reacted with an adipic acid (AA)–containing diacid group at equivalent amounts. In order to obtain PVC plastisols, PVC was dispersed into a plasticizers' mixture composed of di-isooctyl phthalate (DOP) and polyester products by using a high-speed mixer (PVC/plasticizers, 65/35 w/w). For the preparation of plasticizer mixture polyester products were used at a weight ratio of 20%, 40%, 60% of DOP. Plasticized PVC sheets were prepared from plastisols and their glass transition temperatures (Tg), migration, and mechanical properties were determined. The results show that the polyester products obtained from glycolysis products of waste PET can be used as secondary plasticizers, with DOP for PVC.