Postantifungal effect of the combination of caspofungin with voriconazole and amphotericin B against clinical Candida krusei isolates


Oz Y. , Kiremitci A., Dag I., Metintas S., Kiraz N.

MEDICAL MYCOLOGY, cilt.51, ss.60-65, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 51 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3109/13693786.2012.697198
  • Dergi Adı: MEDICAL MYCOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.60-65

Özet

We evaluated the postantifungal effects (PAFEs) of caspofungin (CAS), voriconazole (VOR), amphotericin B (AmB), and the combinations of CAS + VOR and CAS + AmB against 30 clinical Candida krusei isolates at 0.25, 1 and 4 times the MIC of each individually and in the indicated combinations. Antifungals were removed after 1 hour and colony counts were performed at 0, 2, 6, 24, and 48 h. VOR did not display any measurable PAFE regardless of antifungal concentrations, while AmB and CAS exhibited dose-dependent PAFE. The most effective agent producing a prolonged PAFE in this study was CAS. Although the combination of CAS with VOR generated longer PAFEs at 0.25 and 1 times their respective MICs in comparison with CAS alone, this combination was indifferent rather than synergistic. However, the combination of CAS with AmB at 4 times their MICs exhibited the best performance, reducing the colony counts during the 48 h after removal of drugs and resulted in synergic interaction in respect to 20 (67%) isolates. Consequently, CAS has a prolonged PAFE in vitro against C. krusei isolates, and the combination of AmB + CAS may increase significantly the efficacy of CAS. Our data may be useful in optimizing dosing regimens for these agents and their combinations, although further studies are needed to explore the clinical usefulness of our results.