A detailed petroleum geochemical study has been carried out on two Cretaceous carbonate source rock units, the Karababa Formation A Member and the Karabogaz Formation, in the Adiyaman area of SE Turkey. The purpose was to compare the hydrocarbon generation habitat of these two units which appear to be almost identical in terms of their bulk source rock characteristics. Thus, the TOC contents of the Karababa Formation A Member and the Karabogaz Formation are 0.24-3.79 % and 0.50-5.86 %, respectively. Hydrogen Indices are generally greater than 300 mg HC/ g TOC and both units have similar maturity levels. However, the results of pyrolysis-gas chromatographic analyses showed that the organic matter in the Karababa Formation A Member is richer in sulphur compounds, and the presence of sulphur-rich kerogen resulted in the early generation of hydrocarbons from this unit. Both the dominant activation energy and the frequency factor turned out to be lower for the Karababa Formation A Member. Consequently, oil generation in the Karababa Formation A Member proceeds more rapidly for a given temperature history than it does in the Karabogaz Formation. Moreover, the results of multi-step Py-GC analyses indicated that the composition of hydrocarbons generated in these two carbonate source rocks will be different, particularly during the early stages of maturation. Early-generated oil from the Karababa Formation A Member has the composition of a mature oil, whereas oil from the Karabogaz Formation reaches the some composition at a higher maturity.