Videoendoscopic Single-Port Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy and Immediate Reconstruction


Tukenmez M., Ozden B. C., Agcaoglu O., Kecer M., Ozmen V., Muslumanoglu M., ...More

JOURNAL OF LAPAROENDOSCOPIC & ADVANCED SURGICAL TECHNIQUES, vol.24, pp.77-82, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Purpose: Single-incision videoendoscopic surgery has recently become popular as a result of the ongoing search for less invasive procedures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic single-port nipple-sparing mastectomy, axillary lymphadenectomy, and immediate reconstruction in patients with breast cancer. Patients and Methods: From May 14, 2012 through January 23, 2013, 10 patients underwent videoendoscopic single-port nipple-sparing mastectomy and axillary dissection via a single, limited incision and immediate prosthetic reconstruction. Patient charts were reviewed, and demographic data, operative time, complications and pathology results were analyzed. Results: In all patients, videoendoscopic surgery was performed successfully. Of 10 patients, 7 were diagnosed as having invasive ductal carcinoma, 2 had a ductal carcinoma in situ, and 1 underwent bilateral prophylactic mastectomy. The weight of the resected gland was 300-650g, with a mean of 420g. There were no operative complications, and the mean operative time was 250 minutes (range, 160-330 minutes). One-stage reconstruction with implants was performed on 4 patients, whereas expanders were placed in the remaining 6. Surgical margins of all cases were pathologically negative, and there were no recurrences observed during the early follow-up period. Conclusions: Videoendoscopic single-port nipple-sparing mastectomy is technically feasible even in larger breasts, enabling immediate reconstruction with good cosmetic outcomes. However, further studies with larger clinical series and long-term follow-up are required to compare the safety and efficacy of the technique with those of the standard nipple-sparing mastectomy.