Soybean Oil Based Allyl Acrylates and Methacrylates: Synthesis, Characterization, and Polymerization

ÇAYLI G., Hatir P. C.

MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, vol.223, no.22, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 223 Issue: 22
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/macp.202100460
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: allyl acrylates, allylic bromides, plant oil triglycerides, renewable resources, soybean oil, CROSS-LINKING, POLYMERS, TRIGLYCERIDES, DEGRADATION
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


In this study, a simple synthesis method for the allylic acrylates and methacrylates of soybean oil is evaluated. As a model compound, allylic acrylation and methacrylation of methyl oleate is also studied. IR and H-1 NMR techniques are used in order to characterize all the allylic esters. Although homopolymerization of allylic esters is unsuccessful, copolymers of the allylic esters with acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, n butyl acrylate, and styrene are obtained as low load bearing solids. Copolymerization products of acrylated soybean oil (ACSO) and methacrylted soybean oil (METACSO with styrene show rubbery properties. METACSO-Styrene and ACSO-styrene copolymers exhibit 35.3 and 24.9 kPa tensile strengths with more than 200% of elongation. Thermal stabilities of the synthesized polymers are measured by TGA technique. The copolymers of methyl oleate-based allyl acrylates and methacrylates exhibit higher 5% weight loss temperature than the copolymers of allylic acrylate and methacrylate of soybean oil.