An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Brucella Specific Antibody and Real-Time PCR for Detecting Brucella Spp. in Milk and Cheese in Sanliurfa, Turkey


ALTUN S. K. , YİĞİN A., ERDENLİĞ GÜRBİLEK S., Gurbuz S., Demirci M., KESKİN O., ...Daha Fazla

PAKISTAN VETERINARY JOURNAL, cilt.37, ss.39-42, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 37 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Dergi Adı: PAKISTAN VETERINARY JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.39-42

Özet

The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of anti-Brucella antibody and Brucella spp. DNA in cow, sheep and goat milk and in Urfa cheese collected from markets and bazaars in Sanliurfa, located in southeast of Turkey. A total of 258 samples consisting of 178 raw milk (48 cow milk, 65 sheep milk and 65 goat milk) samples and 80 Urfa cheese samples were investigated. Anti-Brucella antibody was detected by indirect ELISA (i-ELISA), and the presence of Brucella spp. DNA was screened by real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RTPCR). 16.6% of the cow, 6.1% of the goat and 6.1% of the sheep milk and 16.25% of the cheese samples were found as positive for brucella antibodies by i-ELISA. The RT-PCR assay amplified Brucella DNA from 18.75, 7.6 and 6.1% cow, goat and sheep milk samples respectively. Brucella DNA was amplified from 22.5% cheese samples. The 11.2% and 13.9% of the samples were found as positive by i-ELISA and RT-PCR respectively. This study indicates that milk and milk products consumed in Sanliurfa poses a risk to public health in terms of brucellosis. The combining usage of both i-ELISA and RT-PCR methods could lead to more reliable results to detect anti-Brucella antibody and Brucella spp. DNA from milk and cheese samples. (C) 2016 PVJ. All rights reserved