The aim of this study was to measure the knowledge and attitudes of school staff regarding care in school for children with type 1 diabetes and to evaluate the contribution of the "Diabetes Program at School"(DPS). The data were collected through an online survey consisting of 55 questions, which included 39 knowledge and 16 attitude questions. The survey was delivered to the participating school staff via a link. A total of 55,677 people who completed 100% of the survey were included. Of the participants, 76% were teachers, 23% were school administrators and 0.1% were school nurses. 73% (40732) of the participants stated that they had heard about the "DPS". Of the participants who were aware of the DPS 75%, 50%, and 41% stated an increase in their knowledge level, self-confidence, and awareness respectively. Both scores were positively associated with being female and school nurse, having students with diabetes in the school, having been trained in childhood diabetes, being familiar with the program and being from the Western region of Turkey. The DPS is well known among school staff including teachers, school administrators, and school nurses. However, there are clear regional differences in the knowledge and attitude of school staff regarding diabetes care at school. Therefore, regional differences should be taken into account when planning the necessary interventions to prevent any further increase in the current inequalities. In addition, increasing the number of school nurses, together with strengthening the knowledge and attitude of school staff, can improve the level of diabetes care at school.