Longitudinal Follow-Up of Two Patients with Dysspondyloenchondromatosis due to Novel Heterozygous Mutations in COL2A1


Gunes N., YEŞİL G., Beng K., Kahraman S., Tuysuz B.

MOLECULAR SYNDROMOLOGY, cilt.9, ss.134-140, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 9 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000488438
  • Dergi Adı: MOLECULAR SYNDROMOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.134-140

Özet

Dysspondyloenchondromatosis (DSC) is a rare form of generalized enchondromatosis and characterized by short stature with unequal limb length, multiple enchondromas in metaphyseal and diaphyseal parts of the long tubular bones, and progressive kyphoscoliosis. Although the COL2A1 gene mutation was found to be responsible for DSC, a case of DSC with no pathogenic mutation in the COL2A1 gene has also been reported, suggesting that the condition is genetically heterogeneous. Here, we report 2 novel heterozygous mutations in COL2A1 in 2 patients with DSC. They had prenatal onset short stature with unequal limb length and generalized enchondroma-like lesions in metaphyseal and diaphyseal parts of the long tubular bones, and osteopenia. The first patient was diagnosed at 3 months of age and followed for 10.5 years. Severe lumbosacral scoliosis and recurrent fractures were observed. The second patient was diagnosed at the age of 4 years. Mild deterioration in scoliosis was observed during the 3-year-long follow-up period. However, skeletal radiography of both patients showed the improvement of enchondromatous lesions. In conclusion, we verified that the COL2A1 gene mutations are responsible for the DSC phenotype. We observed severe osteopenia and fractures which were not reported previously. (c) 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel