Evaluation of the slope of the articular eminence and the transverse angle of the glenoid fossa in an anatolian population

Bilgin T., Sulun T., Ergin U., Kursoglu P., Beyli M., von Fraunhofer J.

CRANIO-THE JOURNAL OF CRANIOMANDIBULAR PRACTICE, vol.18, no.3, pp.220-227, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The purpose of this study was to compare a computer-aided method specially programmed for the measurement of the posterior angle of the articular eminence with formerly used methods, to investigate the angulation differences at different depths of slices, and to evaluate correlation with the transverse angulation. Three slices (central, medial, and lateral) at various depths of the glenoid fossa belonging to 64 dry skulls and two measurement methods were used in this study. The angulation of the articular eminence were measured and the transverse angle of each fossa calculated. No statistical difference was found between the articular eminence results of the two methods. According to the results, the one factor ANOVA central slice was found to be statistically steeper than the other two slices (p<0.05) (central = 60.33 +/- 10.19, medial = 58.26 +/- 8.6, lateral 58.28 +/- 10.1). No correlation was found between the transverse angle of the inclination of the posterior slope angulation. It was concluded that the computer-aided method is more reliable and accurate and is much easier to use when compared to the manual method. An additional important finding of this study is that the inclination of the articular eminence should be evaluated at various depths of the temporomandibular joint.