Shaikh Mufid and Ratinolization of the belief of Ghaybah (occultation) in the Shiita Branch (Sect) of Imamiyya


BULUT H. İ.

CUMHURIYET ILAHIYAT DERGISI-CUMHURIYET THEOLOGY JOURNAL, vol.9, no.1, pp.175-201, 2005 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Journal Name: CUMHURIYET ILAHIYAT DERGISI-CUMHURIYET THEOLOGY JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, ATLA Religion Database, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.175-201
  • Keywords: Mufid, Shiita, Imamiyya, Occultation, Ghaybah, Reason
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

After beginning of "Greater Occultation" period, many objections raised against the last Imam's birth, life and his appearence as a Mandi. Imami scholars have spent great effort to refute these objections. Thus they wrote many books in order to explain and prove the notion of ghaybah (occultation). Scholars such as Nu`mani and Saduq claim that the reports are sufficient for answering these objections and compile their works in this context. Nonetheless, Shaikh Mufid, a pupil of Saduq, prefer to use reason in order to explain the issues related to believes. Consequently he opens new epoch by introducing the reason to Imami theology and initiates the tradition of Usuli. His approach is most evident in the explanation of ghaybah belief.