Non-linear viscous saturation of r-modes


Alford M., Mahmoodifar S., Schwenzer K. O.

9th International Conference on Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum, Madrid, İspanya, 30 Ağustos - 03 Eylül 2010, cilt.1343, ss.580-582 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 1343
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.3575100
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Madrid
  • Basıldığı Ülke: İspanya
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.580-582

Özet

Pulsar spin frequencies and their time evolution are an important source of information on compact stars and their internal composition. Oscillations of the star can reduce the rotational energy via the emission of gravitational waves. In particular unstable oscillation modes, like r-modes, are relevant since their amplitude becomes large and can lead to a fast spin-down of young stars if they are saturated by a non-linear saturation mechanism. We present a novel mechanism based on the pronounced large-amplitude enhancement of the bulk viscosity of dense matter. We show that the enhanced damping due to non-linear bulk viscosity can saturate r-modes of neutron stars at amplitudes appropriate for an efficient spin-down.