Investigation of metal ion removal selectivity properties of the modified polyacrylamide hydrogels prepared by transamidation and Hofmann reactions


Kasgoz H. , Ozgumus S. K. , ORBAY M.

JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, ss.1287-1298, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10601320500189596
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1287-1298

Özet

Modified crosslinked polyacrylamides having different functional groups prepared by transamidation reaction in aqueous and non-aqueous medium and by Hofmann reach. on were used as chelating agents for removal of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions' at different pH values. Under non-competitive conditions, polymers adsorbed different amounts of metal ions, depending on their functional groups and swelling abilities. The metal ion adsorption capacities of polymers changed between 0.11 - 1.71 mmol/g polymer. Under competitive conditions, while the polymers having mainly secondary amine groups were highly selective for Cu(II) ions (99.4%), those having mainly secondary amide and carboxylate groups have shown high selectivity towards Pb(II) ions (99.5%). The selectivity towards Cu(II) ion decreased and Job(II) ion selectivity increased by the decrease of the pH of the solutions. The high initial adsorption rate (< 10 min) suggests that the adsorption occurs mainly on the polymer surface. A regeneration procedure by treatment with dilute HCl solution showed that the modified polymers could be used several times without loss of their adsorption capacities.

Modified crosslinked polyacrylamides having different functional groups prepared by transamidation reaction in aqueous and non-aqueous medium and by Hofmann reaction were used as chelating agents for removal of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions at different pH values. Under non-competitive conditions, polymers adsorbed different amounts of metal ions, depending on their functional groups and swelling abilities. The metal ion adsorption capacities of polymers changed between 0.11–1.71 mmol/g polymer. Under competitive conditions, while the polymers having mainly secondary amine groups were highly selective for Cu(II) ions (99.4%), those having mainly secondary amide and carboxylate groups have shown high selectivity towards Pb(II) ions (99.5%). The selectivity towards Cu(II) ion decreased and Pb(II) ion selectivity increased by the decrease of the pH of the solutions. The high initial adsorption rate (<10 min) suggests that the adsorption occurs mainly on the polymer surface. A regeneration procedure by treatment with dilute HCl solution showed that the modified polymers could be used several times without loss of their adsorption capacities.