Digital Quantification of Intratumoral CD8+ T-Cells Predicts Relapse and Unfavorable Outcome in Uveal Melanoma


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Hurdogan O., De Logu F., Galli F., Tuncer S., Ugolini F., Simi S., ...More

Cancers, vol.14, no.23, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 23
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/cancers14235959
  • Journal Name: Cancers
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: immunohistochemistry, prognosis, tumor microenvironment, uveal melanoma
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 by the authors.Although it is a disease that occurs mainly in the Caucasian population, uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults. Here, we used digital pathology and image analysis for the diagnosis of UM and the prediction of the prognosis. Our retrospective study included a total of 404 histopathological slides from 101 patients. A digital image acquisition and quantitative analysis of tissue immune biomarkers (CD4, CD8, CD68, CD163) were performed. A negative impact of the intratumoral CD8 positive cell density higher than 13.3 cells/mm2 was detected for both RFS (HR 2.08, 95% Cl 1.09 to 3.99, p = 0.027) and OS (HR 3.30, 95% CI 1.58 to 6.88, p = 0.001). Moreover, we confirmed that older age and stage III were independent negative prognostic factors for both RFS and OS. Our results suggest that a specific distribution profile of CD8 in UM might predict the risk of relapse and death, with potential implications for determining which subgroups of UMs are amenable to specific pharmacological treatment regimens.