Control measure prioritization in Fine - Kinney-based risk assessment: a Bayesian BWM-Fuzzy VIKOR combined approach in an oil station

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Gul M., Yucesan M., Ak M. F.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.29, no.39, pp.59385-59402, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 39
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-022-19454-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.59385-59402
  • Keywords: Fine - Kinney, Control measure prioritization, Bayesian Best-Worst Method, VIKOR, Fuzzy set theory, Liquid fuel tank, DECISION-MAKING, OCCUPATIONAL-HEALTH, FAILURE MODES, SELECTION, EXTENSIONS, AHP
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


The Fine - Kinney is a risk assessment method widely used in many industries due to its ease of use and quantitative risk evaluation. As in other methods, it is a method that recommends taking a series of control measures for operational safety. However, it is not always possible to implement control measures based on the determined priorities of the risks. It is considered that determining the priorities of these measures depends on many criteria such as applicability, functionality, performance, and integrity. Therefore, this study has studied the prioritization of control measures in Fine - Kinney-based risk assessment. The criteria affecting the prioritization of control measures are hierarchically structured, and the importance weights of the criteria are determined by the Bayesian Best-Worst Method (BBWM). The priorities of control measures were determined with the fuzzy VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (FVIKOR) method. The proposed model has been applied to the risk assessment process in a petrol station's liquid fuel tank area. According to the results obtained with BBWM, the most important criterion affecting the prioritization of control measures is the applicability criterion. It has an importance weight of about 42%. It is followed by performance with 31%, functionality with 18%, and integrity with 10%, respectively. FVIKOR results show that the "Periodic control of the ventilation device" measure is the top priority for Fine - Kinney risk assessment. "The absence of any ducts or sewer pits that may cause gas accumulation in the tank area and near the dispenser; Yellow line marking of entry and exit and vehicle roads; Placing of speed limit warning signs" has been determined as a secondary priority. On conclusion, this proposed model is expected to bring a new perspective to the work of occupational health and safety analysts, since the priority suggested by Fine - Kinney risk analysis methods is not always in the same order as the one in the stage of taking action, and the source, budget, and cost/benefit ratio of the measure affect this situation in practice.