Mutations in INPP5E, encoding inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase E, link phosphatidyl inositol signaling to the ciliopathies


Bielas S. L. , Silhavy J. L. , Brancati F., Kisseleva M. V. , Al-Gazali L., Laszlo Sztriha L. S. , ...Daha Fazla

NATURE GENETICS, cilt.41, ss.1032-1037, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1038/ng.423
  • Dergi Adı: NATURE GENETICS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1032-1037

Özet

Phosphotidylinositol (PtdIns) signaling is tightly regulated both spatially and temporally by subcellularly localized PtdIns kinases and phosphatases that dynamically alter downstream signaling events(1). Joubert syndrome is characterized by a specific midbrain-hindbrain malformation ('molar tooth sign'), variably associated retinal dystrophy, nephronophthisis, liver fibrosis and polydactyly(2) and is included in the newly emerging group of 'ciliopathies'. In individuals with Joubert disease genetically linked to JBTS1, we identified mutations in the INPP5E gene, encoding inositol polyphosphate-5- phosphatase E, which hydrolyzes the 5-phosphate of PtdIns(3,4,5) P3 and PtdIns(4,5) P2. Mutations clustered in the phosphatase domain and impaired 5-phosphatase activity, resulting in altered cellular PtdIns ratios. INPP5E localized to cilia in major organs affected by Joubert syndrome, and mutations promoted premature destabilization of cilia in response to stimulation. These data link PtdIns signaling to the primary cilium, a cellular structure that is becoming increasingly recognized for its role in mediating cell signals and neuronal function.