In this study, we report our experiences on the role of transplantation in 2 patients with large liver tumors in the setting of Abernethy malformation. Patient 1 was a 17-year-old boy who was referred for hepatic masses and recurrent hepatic encephalopathy episodes. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed 2 large tumors (4 and 8 cm) in the liver. The portal vein drained directly into the vena cava. Core biopsy of the larger mass revealed fibrosis and regenerative hyperplasia. There were hyper intense signals in the T1-weighted images in the globus pallidus. The Stanford-Binet intelligence scale showed moderate mental retardation (IQ 39); however, the patient showed good ability for caring for himself. His cognitive defect was ascribed partially to chronic encephalopathy. The patient received a right hepatic lobe from his older brother. The congenital portacaval shunt was disconnected to provide inflow to the graft. Pathologic examination of the explanted liver revealed no evidence of malignancy. His IQ improved to 75 at 29 months posttransplant. The hyperintensity of the globus pallidus on magnetic resonance imaging disappeared. The patient has maintained a normal life during 9 years of follow-up. Patient 2 was a 17-yearold girl who was referred for multiple hepatic masses; she had no symptoms at admission. Magnetic resonance imaging showed type 1 Abernethy mal formation and multiple hepatic masses (largest was 10 cm), which appeared to be hyperplastic lesions. Because malignancy could not be definitely excluded, she received a right lobe without the middle hepatic vein from her uncle. Pathologic examination of the explanted liver showed localized nodular hyperplasia; there was no evidence of malignancy. She has maintained normal life activities during 3 years of follow-up. Liver transplant is a curative treatment option for patients with large liver tumors, replacing the hepatic parenchyma in the setting of Abernethy malformation.