The involvement of the gut by Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is very rare in adults; however this is usually observed with a disseminated disease in children. We report a 75-year-old male patient who underwent right hemicolectomy for a complicated intestinal diverticular disease. The surgical specimen revealed LCH-like proliferative lesion associated with diverticulitis. The overall morphological and immunohistochemical findings are indistinguishable from LCH. Systemic scans and subsequently performed bone marrow biopsies were free of disease. Although the HUMARA clonality assay cannot be assessed, the lack of evidence of LCH progression or disease elsewhere in the whole body strongly supported the possibility of an atypical reactive phenomenon probably due to the underlying intestinal diverticular disease. Therefore, it is important to avoid diagnosing such a unifocal Langerhans cell proliferation as LCH in patients with underlying pathologies in the absence of systemic involvement. Therefore, without knowledge of clonal status of a unifocal Langerhans cell proliferation, we recommend using the terminology of LCH-like lesion.