Intraoperative experiments combined with gait analyses indicate that active state rather than passive dominates the spastic gracilis muscle's joint movement limiting effect in cerebral palsy

KAYA C. S. , Bilgili F., Akalan N. E. , Temelli Y., Ates F., YÜCESOY C. A.

CLINICAL BIOMECHANICS, vol.68, pp.151-157, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.06.005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-157
  • Keywords: Cerebral palsy, Spastic muscle, Gait analysis, Muscle force-knee angle characteristics, Intermuscular mechanical interactions, Epimuscular myofascial force transmission, MYOFASCIAL FORCE TRANSMISSION, MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, MUSCULAR MECHANICS, ISOMETRIC FORCES, SARCOMERE-LENGTH, KNEE ANGLE, CHILDREN, CONTRACTURES, FIBERS
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Background: In cerebral palsy, spastic muscles passive forces are considered to be high but have not been assessed directly. Although activated spastic muscle's force-joint angle relations were studied, this was independent of gait relevant joint positions. The aim was to test the following hypotheses intraoperatively: (i) spastic gracilis passive forces are high even in flexed knee positions, (ii) its active state forces attain high amplitudes within the gait relevant knee angle range, and (iii) increase with added activations of other muscles.