Fluorescence-Based Screening Assays for the NAD(+)-Dependent Histone Deacetylase smSirt2 from Schistosoma mansoni


Schiedel M., Marek M., Lancelot J., Karaman B. , Almlof I., Schultz J., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF BIOMOLECULAR SCREENING, cilt.20, ss.112-121, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/1087057114555307
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF BIOMOLECULAR SCREENING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.112-121

Özet

Sirtuins are NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylases (HDACs) that cleave off acetyl but also other acyl groups from the E-amino group of lysines in histones and other substrate proteins. Five sirtuin isoforms are encoded in the genome of the parasitic pathogen Schistosoma mansoni. During its life cycle, S. mansoni undergoes drastic changes in phenotype that are associated with epigenetic modifications. Previous work showed strong effects of hSirt2 inhibitors on both worm life span and reproduction. Thus, we postulate smSirt2 as a new antiparasite target. We report both the optimization of a homogeneous fluorescence-based assay and the development of a new heterogeneous fluorescence-based assay to determine smSirt2 activity. The homogeneous assay uses a coumarin-labeled acetyl lysine derivative, and the heterogeneous version is using a biotinylated and fluorescence-labeled oligopeptide. Magnetic streptavidin-coated beads allow higher substrate loading per well than streptavidin-coated microtiter plates and make it possible to screen for inhibitors of either smSirt2 or its human isoform (hSirt2) for selectivity studies. We also present hits from a pilot screen with inhibitors showing an IC50 lower than 50 mu M. Binding of the hits to their targets is rationalized by docking studies using a homology model of smSirt2.