Meeting the electricity demand for the heating of greenhouses with hydrogen: Solar photovoltaic-hydrogen-heat pump system application in Turkey


International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.48, no.7, pp.2510-2517, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Abstract
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.10.125
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.2510-2517
  • Keywords: Decarbonization, Green hydrogen, Greenhouse heating, Photovoltaic-hydrogen-heat pump system
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


© 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLCProviding the heating system with coal in greenhouses causes harmful results in terms of carbon emissions. In this study, analyzes were performed to meet the electrical energy required for the heating system with a heat pump from a solar photovoltaic-hydrogen system. For floor area 25000 m2 where greenhouses the required energy is obtained directly from hydrogen without using a heat pump 3000 m2 solar panel area required. The use of a heat pump reduces energy needs but it is also not feasible for large greenhouses. For convenience, a solar photovoltaic-hydrogen-heat pump system analysis was also made for 1000 m2 floor area greenhouses and it is found that the 24 m2 solar panel area is adequate in terms of meeting energy demand. Using a solar-hydrogen-heat pump system reduces carbon emissions by 86.5 tons per 1000 m2 floor area greenhouse. Considering the hydrogen storage system becomes unfeasible. We normalized the greenhouse floor area to 1 m2 and proposed reference values for hydrogen to be produced in 1 h, storage, and PV area. In addition, an analysis was made for the use of hydrogen energy for greenhouses that do not require a heating system and only work with a water pump.